CORONAVIRUS GERM THEORY VS IMMUNE SYSTEM TERRAIN PUBLIC SERVICE FLU SHOTS VACCINES PRESCRIPTION DRUGS CANCER EXERCISE OXYGEN CALMING DOWN NUTRITIONALS IMMUNE SYSTEM STRENGTHENERS FREE HEALTH VIDEOS MONEY CENSORING FREEDOM BUTTAR POLITICS STAYING HEALTHY MASKS
Perhaps you have found parts of lockdown to be a welcome positive shift with parts of your pre-pandemic life you wanted to release.
SOCIAL DISTANCING, MASK WEARING AND ECONOMIC DISASTER
DR RASHID BUTTAR
From Dr. Mark Sircus:
"What will be the effect will be of depriving oxygen to billions of people for years? How happy will that make people? Or inhaling dangerous amounts of CO2, what is that going to do to peoples’ health after several years or even after only a few weeks or months.
Decreasing the amount of oxygen people are breathing, by forcing people to wear masks, is cruel and medically stupid, as Dr. Buttar points out. Under the mask, O2 readings drop from a regular 21 to an unhealthy 17.5, ringing the alarm of the official OSHA devices that measure such things.
The usual amount of CO2 in the air is approximately 400 ppm, when measured around the nose of mouth would be higher. But wear a mask and concentrations shoot up to 5,000. This is not healthy! Carbon dioxide in the air we breathe usually is at 0.0390 percent. When we breathe out, it is 4.0 percent. It is not the concentration we want to be breathing in.
The minimum oxygen concentration in the air required for human breathing is 19.5 percent. Approximately 78 percent of the air we breathe is nitrogen gas, while only about 20.9 percent is oxygen. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration, OSHA, determined the optimal range of oxygen in the air for humans runs between 19.5 and 23.5 percent.
Not Enough Oxygen: Side Effects
Serious side effects can occur if the oxygen levels drop outside the safe zone. When oxygen concentrations drop from 19.5 to 16 percent, and you engage in physical activity, your cells fail to receive the oxygen needed to function correctly. So wearing masks is not indicated for any reason because masks represent slow suffocation. Not quite as bad as strangling a person or killing them outright by completely cutting off their breath, but across the board, health will be depressed, and death from all causes will increase.
Healthy People Have Little Problem with Viruses
Viruses of all types will get out of control in people who are vitamin D and oxygen-deficient and who are breathing back in their CO2. Add vitamin D deficiency to the mix, and we have a non-virus health crisis in the making. Its clear, no death from the coronavirus at vitamin D blood concentrations above 34 ng/ml. Light is essential; it is the backbone of life and can be used as a potent medicine against COVID-19. So keeping people indoors would never be the answer for any wise doctor.
WHO – World Unhealth Organization
When will we realize that health officials are death officials and that the World Health Organization is the World Unhealth Organization? Modern medicine is a death machine, and pharmaceutical terrorism has been behind human misery on a breathtaking scale for more years than most of us have been alive. The heads of the most prestigious medical journals in the world cannot trust the studies they publish, meaning the entire edifice of pharmaceutical medicine stands on quicksand.
Health officials were not prepared medically speaking (no idea how to treat this or other viruses), and complicit in the creation of the virus. When the body count from starvation, increased suicides, and deaths from critical patients, who stay at home out of fear of going to the hospitals, we have one thing. But when we deprive humans of sunlight and oxygen while exposing them to dangerous levels of CO2, we might find ourselves witnessing eventual genocide."'
MASKS ARE A FORM OF THEATER, SAYING "I am playing the role of responsible citizen".
DEBUNKING A SURGEON'S MISGUIDED EMAILED BELIEFS
CARBON DIOXIDE FACTORS
MEASURING YOUR OXYGEN IN REAL TIME
HEART RATE VARIABILITY FACTORS
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF HEALTH (NIH) DIRECTOR COMMENTS
FACE MASK SAFETY
OSHA SAYS MASKS DO NOT WORK
VIEWPOINTS OF OVER 20 HEALTH PROFESSIONALS ABOUT THE IMPORTANCE OF OXYGEN
MAJOR PUBLISHED BOOKS ON OXYGEN AND HEALTH
GOOD SCIENCE AND BAD SCIENCE ABOUT WEARING MASKS
Here is an email I just got (JUNE 17 2020 and my answers at the end in bold.
I KEPT HIS IDENTITY SECRET BUT I DO HAVE HIS EMAIL AND EMAIL ADDRESS.
RETIRED SURGEON Sam L, has this to say about wearing masks:
“OK, here’s my rant about masks:
I have spent the past 39 years working in the field of surgery. For a significant part of that time, I have worn a mask. I have worked with hundreds (probably thousands) of colleagues during those years, who have also worn masks. Not a single one us of became ill, passed out or died from lack of oxygen. Not a single one of us became ill, passed out or died from breathing too much carbon dioxide. Not a single one us of became ill, passed out or died from rebreathing a little of our own exhaled air. Let’s begin here by putting those scare tactics to rest!
(It is true that some people, with advanced lung diseases, may be so fragile that a mask could make their already-tenuous breathing more difficult. If your lungs are that bad, you probably shouldn’t be going out in public at the present time anyway; the consequences if you are exposed to Covid-19 would likely be devastating.)
“But”, you ask, “can’t viruses go right through the mask, because they are so small?” (“Masks keep viruses out just as well as a chain link fence keeps mosquitoes out,” some tell us.) It is true that individual virus particles can pass through the pores of a mask; however, viruses don’t move on their own. They do not fly across the room like a mosquito, wiggle through your mask like a worm, or fly up your nose like a gnat. The virus is essentially nothing more than a tiny blob of genetic material. Covid-19 travels in a CARRIER – the carrier is a fluid droplet- fluid droplets that you expel when you cough, sneeze, sing, laugh, talk or simply exhale. Most of your fluid droplets will be stopped from entering the air in the room if you are wearing a mask. Wearing a mask is a very efficient way to protect others if you are carrying the virus (even if you don’t know that you are infected). In addition, if someone else’s fluid droplets happen to land on your mask, many of them will not pass through. This gives the wearer some additional protection, too. But, the main reason to wear a mask is to PROTECT OTHERS. Even if you don’t care about yourself, wear your mask to protect your neighbors, co-workers and friends!
A mask is certainly not 100% protective. However, it appears that the severity of Covid-19 infection is at least partially “dose-dependent.” In other words, the more virus particles that enter your body, the sicker you are likely to become. Why not decrease that volume if you can? “What have you got to lose?!”
“But doesn’t a requirement or a request to wear a mask violate my constitutional rights?” You’re also not allowed to go into the grocery store if you are not wearing pants. You can’t yell “fire” in the Produce Department. You’re not allowed to urinate on the floor in the Frozen Food Section. Do you object to those restrictions? Rules, established for the common good, are a component of a civilized society.
“But aren’t masks uncomfortable?” Some would say that underwear or shoes can be uncomfortable, but we still wear them. (Actually, being on a ventilator is pretty darned uncomfortable, too!) Are masks really so bad that you can’t tolerate them, even if they will help keep others healthy?
“But won’t people think I’m a snowflake or a wimp if I wear a mask?” I hope you have enough self-confidence to overcome that.
“But won’t I look stupid if I wear a mask?” I’ve decided not to dignify that question with an answer!!
“But I never get sick; I’m not worried.” Well, then, wear a mask for the sake of the rest of us who are not so perfect!
There is good evidence that masks make a real difference in diminishing the transmission of Covid-19. Please, for the sake of others (and for the sake of yourself), wear your mask when in public. It won’t kill you!
P.S. - And, by the way, please be sure that BOTH your nose and mouth are covered!
Recommendations around mask usage are confusing. The science isn't. Evidence shows that masks are extremely effective to slow the coronavirus and may be the best tool available right now to fight it.”
Thank you, Sam L!!
FOR ALL WE HUMANS, when oxygen levels drop for an extended period of time, our immune system suffers . NO EXCEPTIONS. See the VIEWPOINTS JPEG BELOW
" Not a single one us of became ill, passed out or died from lack of oxygen. (way overstated or he MUST know of ALL surgeons who failed to show up for work and why- See the VIEWPOINTS JPEG BELOW ). The sick will get sicker faster and die sooner. That is why the rest homes, aged and already sick have the most deaths by far. ALL THE WHILE from WHO, Fauci, CDC or ANY government agency, NEVER a mention of immune system strengthening until quite recently from the NIH .
HOW SOCIAL DISTANCING RULES ARE CREATED.
OSHA SAYS MASKS DO NOT WORK
Peggy Hall from www.TheHealthyAmerican.org explains how the US. Department of Labor Occupational and Safety and Health Administration's guidelines clearly show cloth and surgical masks don't work to reduce transmission of COVID-19, and how they deplete the body of oxygen causing adverse health effects.
"'Not a single one of us became ill, passed out or died from breathing too much carbon dioxide. "' (way overstated - see the "VIEWPOINTS" BELOW)
"Not a single one us of became ill, passed out or died from rebreathing a little of our own exhaled air."' (way understated) Encourages triggering an infection from dormant retroviruses already in the body, taking advantage of a weakened immune system due to mask wearing.
"'“The good thing about science is that it's true whether or not you believe in it.” – Neil deGrasse Tyson" Another out of context sophistic argument. The reality is there is good science and VERY BAD science. "Be careful what you believe" says my friend Bruce Lipton.
"Not a single one of us became ill, passed out or died from breathing too much carbon dioxide." Fact is that raised CO2 levels in the blood plasma creates hypercapnea (excessive carbon dioxide) .
Hypercapnea can invite a host of health challenges.
- unexplained feelings of confusion
- abnormal feelings of paranoia or depression
- abnormal muscle twitching
- irregular heartbeat
- panic attack
- passing out
You measure that with a Capontrainer
Some masks may let in more oxygen than others. Get a finger tip Pulse Oxymeter. So as not to drop your levels via digestion, before eating, test your oxygen and heart rate, then before eating, wear a mask for a few hours and retest and see if your heat rate increased (heart is working harder) and/or your oxygen went down. Remove the mask and observe if the O2 increases or resting heart rate lowers.
People that use our TurboOxygen system will not see much of an O2 drop or increase in heart rate, if any. My social distancing mask forces me to take forced deeper breaths much more often. I must remove it to take a deep satisfying easy full inbreath. More stress.
So maybe a half hour in the store won't matter unless you are super sick but all day in the workplace can add up IMO.
In addition, I am guessing this surgeon has not considered the many who due to the lockdown and unemployment will get sick, or sicker and die from poverty, joblessness, grief or homelessness. So, due to poor immune system supporting lifestyle choices you maybe risk "catching a cold"' or having to live the rest of your life in a van down by the river? Which do you prefer? If you are hard of hearing and need to read lips a lot, (and many are unaware of their bad hearing) just go crawl in a cave somewhere until this all "BLOWS" over?
In my mind, the most confusing part is how the DCD will possibly try to use the pumped up COVID-19 so called death rate to lock us down and continue to require mask wearing.
My answer is to get and stay heathy. Protest if you have the courage for it. AT LEAST FORWARD THIS BLOG.
You must by now know about IMMUNE SYSTEM STRENGTHENING of Vitamin C, D3, zinc, selenium, probiotics and bicarbonate of soda.
A study of almost 800 people shows that the higher your vitamin D status the less the coronavirus will affect you. Get enough sun, the data suggests, and you simply cannot die of the coronavirus.
Dear michael --
If your mask is hurting you, do you still feel compelled to wear it? In many areas, people no longer have a true choice, as mask-wearing has become mandatory. A measure intended to keep communities safe is causing extreme division, infringing on individual’s constitutional rights and putting them at risk. Your state and local officials need to hear from you.
Though CDC’s policy guidance encourages the use of face masks, there is substantial evidence showing that masks are harmful and a lack of evidence showing they are effective in preventing the spread of coronavirus. Studies show that wearing a face covering reduces blood and tissue oxygenation — which can be deadly — while increasing carbon dioxide levels. Mask-wearing can also increase the risk of infection and the spread of viral illness, hinder detoxification that occurs via exhalation, impair the immune system and cause many other ailments, both physical and emotional. Moreover, some masks have been found to contain known carcinogens, which put people at risk from inhaling toxic chemicals and having them come into contact with their skin.
Lawsuits are now being filed throughout the country to challenge mandatory masks. Despite evidence of harm and questionable evidence of benefit, fall 2020 school guidelines across the country are calling for mandatory masks. Public school systems (e.g., San Diego, California) are concerned that mask requirements in the classroom will spark even more legal battles.
It’s unethical and unconstitutional to force healthy citizens to abide by measures that can result in physical and emotional harm and that impinge on their ability to move freely throughout society without discrimination. For those with deeply held religious beliefs, mask mandates violate their ability to abide by natural law and follow their convictions to walk in faith, not fear. As such, the decision to wear a mask is a highly personal one and should not be universally mandated; measures that are meant to protect the community as a whole are ineffective if they hurt individuals in that community. Please send your your state and local officials a pre-drafted email and tweet now and urge them to make sure that mask-wearing is voluntary, not mandatory.
The Stand for Health Freedom Team
LEARN ABOUT the power of oxygen to heal or when absent, not to heal.
FACE MASK SAFETY
KNOW THE FACTS BEFORE YOU WEAR ONE.
#1. DECREASES OXYGEN INTAKE
BREATHING THROUGH A MASK DECREASES THE AMOUNT OF OXYGEN WE NEED TO LIVE AND BE HEALTHY, INCREASES BLOOD ACIDITY AND MAKES BREATHING DIFFICULT.
#2. INCREASES TOXIN INHALATION .
TOXINS THAT WE NORMALLY EXHALE AS WE BREATHE BECOME TRAPPED IN THE MASK AND REBREATHED INTO THE LUNGS, CAUSING OR INCREASING SYMPTOMS.
#3. INHIBITS IMMUNE SYSTEM FUNCTION.
DECREASES OXYGEN INTAKE, INCREASES CARBON DIOXIDE & TOXINS INTAKE PUTTING BODY UNDER STRESS, RELEASING CORTISOL & WEAKENING IMMUNE PROCESSES. YOU ARE RE-BREATHING CARBON DIOXIDE THAT YOU ARE SUPPOSED TO EXHALE….#YOUARENOTATREE
#4. INCREASES VIRUS RISK
DUE TO MASK WEARING ENCOURAGES TRIGGERING AN INFECTION FROM DORMANT RETROVIRUSES ALREADY IN THE BODY, TAKING ADVANTAGE OF A WEAKENED IMMUNE SYSTEM.
#5. SCIENTIFICALLY INACCURATE
VIROLOGIST MEASURE COVID-19 TO BE 80 TO 140 NANOMETERS IN SIZE MAKING THE WEAVE OF MANY CLOTH MASKS TO BE THE EQUIVALENT OF A CHAIN LINK FENCE TO A MOSQUITO.
#6. EFFECTIVENESS NOT STUDIED
ABSOLUTELY NO PEER-REVIEW STUDIES HAVE BEEN CARRIED OUT OF MASK EFFECTIVENESS WITHIN A SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT TO CONTROL, PREVENT OR ELIMINATE THE SPREAD OF DISEASE.
#7. A CONSTANT STATE OF ADDED STRESS DUE TO LOWERED OXYGEN AND FASTER HEART RATE COMPROMISING HEART RATE VARIABLLITY.
#8. WE DEMONSTRATE TO OTHERS OUR LACK OF KNOWLEDGE.
#9 WEARERS OF FACE MASKS MUST ALSO USE SCRUPULOUS HAND HYGIENE TO RECEIVE SIGNIFICANT PROTECTION
AS OF JUNE 18 2020
States are increasingly mandating the use of face masks in public places, but evidence suggests face coverings do little to reduce risk of illness and, in some cases, may even increase your likelihood of contamination.
SAYER JI WEIGHS IN.
"As recently as February 29, 2020, U.S. Surgeon General Jerome Adams tweeted, “Seriously people — STOP BUYING MASKS! They are NOT effective in preventing general public from catching coronavirus … ”
by particles was almost 97%, compared to 44% for medical masks, and those who wore cloth masks were much more likely to be infected with a virus. The results were so poor that the study cautioned against the use of cloth masks in a health care setting, stating that moisture retention, reuse of cloth masks and poor filtration could increase infection risk, and researchers stated, “Further research is needed to inform the widespread use of cloth masks globally.”[xxvii]
Yet, in a dramatic about-face, weeks later the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said they recommend wearing cloth face coverings in public settings where social distancing measures are difficult to maintain, especially in areas with significant community-based transmission, and stated, “CDC also advises the use of simple cloth face coverings to slow the spread of the virus and help people who may have the virus and do not know it from transmitting it to others.”[ii]
At the state level, an increasing number of states have put in place recommendations and requirements for workers and customers to wear face masks in public. In Illinois, for instance, everyone is advised to wear a mask basically anytime they leave their home, including while shopping at grocery stores, getting food from drive thrus or curbside pickups, visiting a health care provider or traveling on public transportation.[iii]
In a statement released by the Illinois State Police, it’s stated, “Illinois State Police will work with local law enforcement to enforce this order but adhering to the order will save lives and it is the responsibility of every Illinoisan to do their part.”[iv] In other locales, like Harris County, Texas, it’s been said that failing to wear masks in public could result in a $1,000 fine,[v] an order that’s being challenged in court for being unconstitutional.[vi]
But as widespread advice to wear masks proliferates the U.S. — and a police state to enforce their wearing grows — the question remains: does wearing a mask really prevent the spread of COVID-19?
Face Masks Led to ‘No Significant Reduction’ in Virus Transmission
The idea of wearing a face mask, according to the CDC, is not so much to protect the wearer, but rather to benefit the population overall. If you’re infected with COVID-19 and don’t have symptoms, the theory is that wearing a mask could prevent you from inadvertently infecting someone else when you’re out and about.[vii]
Studies, however, don’t bear this out. In a May 2020 systematic review published in Emerging Infectious Diseases — a journal published by the CDC — researchers identified 10 trials that reported estimates of the effectiveness of face masks in reducing cases of influenza in the community. “In pooled analysis,” they stated, “we found no significant reduction in influenza transmission with the use of face masks.”[viii]
This included a study of face mask use among pilgrims from Australia during the Hajj pilgrimage — no major difference in the risk of influenza infection was found between the mask wearers and non-mask wearers. Two studies in university settings were also included, looking into the effectiveness of face masks among student hall residents for five months.
“The overall reduction in ILI [influenza-like illness] or laboratory-confirmed influenza cases in the face mask group was not significant in either studies,” the researchers found.[ix]
Surgical Masks, Cotton Masks Ineffective at Filtering SARS-Cov-2
A study of four patients with COVID-19 led to similar results — that wearing masks does little to block SARS-Cov-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.[x] Researchers asked the patients to cough five times into a petri dish while wearing no mask, a surgical mask and then a cotton mask. They swabbed the inner and outer mask surfaces afterward, finding that while most swabs from the inner mask surfaces were negative for SARS-CoV-2, all swabs from the outer mask surfaces were positive.
This raises two important points. First, as the study noted, “Neither surgical nor cotton masks effectively filtered SARS-CoV-2 during coughs by infected patients.” Second, the fact that the outer surface was more contaminated highlights the problems that can occur if a person touches the outside of their mask — thereby contaminating their hands. It’s possible that air leakage around the edge of the mask allowed the outer mask to become contaminated, or that the small aerosols of SARS-CoV-2 were able to penetrate the masks.
Either way, “[t]hese observations support the importance of hand hygiene after touching the outer surface of masks,” according to the researchers, but the likelihood of the general public, including children, washing their hands every time they touch their mask is small. A 2010 study added that while some evidence suggests wearing masks or respirators when you’re ill may protect others, there is less evidence on mask wearing to prevent becoming infected, especially in real-world settings:
“In conclusion there remains a substantial gap in the scientific literature on the effectiveness of face masks to reduce transmission of influenza virus infection.
While there is some experimental evidence that masks should be able to reduce infectiousness under controlled conditions, there is less evidence on whether this translates to effectiveness in natural settings. There is little evidence to support the effectiveness of face masks to reduce the risk of infection.”[xi]
If COVID-19 Is Aerosolized, Surgical and Cotton Masks Ineffective
The idea of cloth face coverings preventing transmission was based on the idea that COVID-19 is primarily spread via large respiratory droplets. Research now suggests, however, that SARS-CoV-2 may remain suspended in aerosols for up to 16 hours.[xii]
It’s also been found that COVID-19 particles may be as small as 1 to 4 microns in size,[xiii] while surgical masks only protect against particles larger than 100 microns.[xiv],[xv] Again, surgical masks are intended to protect the wearer against large droplets or splashes of bodily fluids, while protecting others from the wearer’s respiratory emissions.
Even the CDC states that surgical masks do “not provide the wearer with a reliable level of protection from inhaling smaller airborne particles and is not considered respiratory protection.”[xvi] On the contrary, an N95 respirator is a type of mask with a tight-fitting face seal designed for health care workers who may be exposed to hazardous small particle aerosols.
In the case of respiratory virus and influenza, rates of infection were double among those wearing surgical masks compared to those wearing N95 respirators.[xvii] This suggests N95 respirators offer some protection, but not only are they in short supply, they’re only typically worn by health care providers performing certain high-risk procedures.
Wearing a Mask May Increase Virus Transmission, Cause Adverse Effects
The Emerging Infectious Diseases review pointed out that in lower-income settings reusable cloth masks are more likely to be used than disposable medical masks due to cost and availability. Indeed, reusable cloth masks are what’s being promoted across much of the U.S., even though research is scarce into the use of such masks, and wearing them the “wrong” way could backfire.
“Proper use of face masks is essential because improper use might increase the risk for transmission,” according to the study.[xviii] Speaking with Forbes, Dr. Eli Perencevich, a professor of medicine and epidemiology at the University of Iowa’s College of Medicine, agreed:
“The average healthy person does not need to have a mask, and they shouldn’t be wearing masks … There’s no evidence that wearing masks on healthy people will protect them. They wear them incorrectly, and they can increase the risk of infection because they’re touching their face more often.”[xix]
“Wearing a mask is tricky,” he added, “because it can create a false sense of security. If you don’t wash your hands before you take off the mask and after you take off your mask, you could increase your risk.”[xx] There are some risks inherent to wearing a mask, as well, such as hypoxia.
One study found a decrease in the oxygen saturation of arterial pulsations (SpO2) and a slight increase in pulse rates among surgeons wearing a surgical mask, and the decrease was more prominent in surgeons over the age of 35.[xxi] The risks may be higher for N95 respirators, which may impede gaseous exchange and increase workload on the metabolic system, particularly in pregnant health care workers.
“The benefits of using N95 mask to prevent serious emerging infectious diseases should be weighed against potential respiratory consequences associated with extended N95 respirator usage,” researchers concluded.[xxii] Headaches,[xxiii] dizziness, shortness of breath and even reduced working efficiency and ability to make correct decisions are also common following prolonged usage of N95 respirators.[xxiv]
Even WHO Warns of Mask Risks
The World Health Organization (WHO), while recommending that people with symptoms wear a medical mask, states, “the wide use of masks by healthy people in the community setting is not supported by current evidence and carries uncertainties and critical risks.” They also warn that the following potential risks should be taken into account:[xxv]
· Self-contamination that can occur by touching and reusing contaminated masks
· Potential breathing difficulties, depending on type of mask used
· False sense of security, leading to potentially less adherence to other preventive measures, such as physical distancing and hand hygiene
· Diversion of mask supplies and consequent shortage of masks for health care workers
· Diversion of resources from effective public health measures, such as hand hygiene
The potential benefits of mask wearing become even more dubious when it comes to the cloth masks now being widely used across the U.S. In a 2015 study led by Raina MacIntyre at the University of New South Wales in Sydney, 1,607 health care workers in Vietnam were given either disposable medical masks or reusable cloth masks that could be washed at home at the end of the day.[xxvi]
Penetration of cloth masks
“There's just not a lot of evidence for cloth masks in the community,” MacIntyre told New Scientist.[xxviii] In Finland, meanwhile, COVID-19 restrictions are being eased without the recommendation for widespread mask wearing. Since research findings into the benefits of face masks vary, the government intends to conduct a detailed study before recommending that the general population wear them.[xxix]
While the evidence for wearing masks remains scarce, opposition to mask wearing is mounting among Americans, with reasons ranging from not believing it’s necessary to feeling it’s unjust for the government to force people to wear a face covering.[xxx] Such moral and ethical controversies are likely to continue, especially since masks may fail to protect people from illness as intended."
GOOD SCIENCE, BAD SCIENCE AND A LOT OF CONFUSION ABOUT WEARING MASKS
DR. MERCOLA ADDS
"'During the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been conflicting advice about wearing face masks or face coverings, even within the same public health agencies. For example, some medical organizations claim that wearing a mask only protects others from you if you are carrying the virus, but urge you to wear one if you are in close contact with a COVID-19 patient — which infers that a mask could protect you from an infected person.
The advice raises several questions. First, many people can be carrying the virus and not know it because they are asymptomatic and have not been tested. How would these people know to wear a mask? Secondly, if a mask is indicated if you are in close contact with a COVID-19 patient, then that would indicate that a mask does protect you from others and not just others from you. So, which is the truth?
There is another element to the conflicting advice. Some medical experts claim that wearing a face mask is harmful to the wearer. Not only does it not protect you, they say, but it can limit your oxygen and even redirect harmful pathogens that you may be carrying back into your airway. As COVID-19 lockdowns end and people are getting out in the public again, what does the evidence say about wearing masks?
Advice From WHO and CDC About Face Masks Differs
The World Health Organization, founded in 1948,1 consists of more than 7,000 people from more than 150 countries.2 Its staff includes medical doctors, public health specialists, scientists, epidemiologists and experts in health statistics, economics and emergency relief.3 When it comes to masks for COVID-19, this body of experts does not cast masks as the panacea. Originally, the WHO listed these guidelines as to who should wear masks:4
- If you are healthy, you only need to wear a mask if you are taking care of a person with COVID-19.
- Wear a mask if you are coughing or sneezing.
- Masks are effective only when used in combination with frequent hand-cleaning with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.
- If you wear a mask, then you must know how to use it and dispose of it properly.
The WHO changed its mind, though, and modified its recommendations June 5, 2020,5 to advise the general public to wear a mask in specific situations when social distancing isn't possible. Otherwise, "… there is no direct evidence (from studies on COVID- 19 and in healthy people in the community) on the effectiveness of universal masking of healthy people in the community to prevent infection with respiratory viruses, including COVID-19."
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is the U.S.'s leading health agency, administered under the Department of Health and Human Services. When it comes to battling COVID-19, its advice is not the same as WHO's. Pointing out that people can carry the virus with no symptoms or before symptoms like coughing and sneezing surface, it wrote on its website April 3, 2020:6
"This means that the virus can spread between people interacting in close proximity ... CDC recommends wearing cloth face coverings in public settings where other social distancing measures are difficult to maintain (e.g., grocery stores and pharmacies) especially in areas of significant community-based transmission ...
CDC is additionally advising the use of simple cloth face coverings to slow the spread of the virus and help people who may have the virus and do not know it from transmitting it to others."
By May 22, 2020, the CDC had added a yellow-highlighted banner to its page, saying, "A cloth face covering may not protect the wearer, but it may keep the wearer from spreading the virus to others."7
Many medical and political leaders support wearing masks. Dr. Anthony Fauci, the high-profile medical member of the White House coronavirus task force and director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, has endorsed them.8 So has former acting CDC director Dr. Richard Besser.9
Virginia Gov. Ralph Northam signed an executive order at the end of May 2020 mandating masks in his state10 and Ohio Gov. Mike DeWine said wearing a mask is an expression of "loving your fellow human being."11
Countries that routinely use face masks have lowered their COVID-19 transmission. Does that mean those who reject face masks are increasing the risk of transmission to themselves and others? Many questions remain.
What Does Research Say About Face Mask Effectiveness?
Dr. Chris Murray, director of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, has said that face masks represent "probably a 50% protection against transmission,"12 but other estimates are less reassuring. For example, a study on the ability of masks to block COVID-19, which is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, published by South Korean researchers in the Annals of Internal Medicine in April 2020, found:13
"Neither surgical nor cotton masks effectively filtered SARS-CoV-2 during coughs by infected patients. Prior evidence that surgical masks effectively filtered influenza virus informed recommendations that patients with confirmed or suspected COVID-19 should wear face masks to prevent transmission.
However, the size and concentrations of SARS-CoV-2 in aerosols generated during coughing are unknown.
Oberg and Brousseau demonstrated that surgical masks did not exhibit adequate filter performance against aerosols measuring 0.9, 2.0, and 3.1 μm in diameter ... assuming that SARS-CoV-2 has a similar size [to SARS–CoV], surgical masks are unlikely to effectively filter this virus."
Contamination was found on the outside of the masks, wrote the researchers:14
"Of note, we found greater contamination on the outer than the inner mask surfaces ... The mask's aerodynamic features may explain this finding. A turbulent jet due to air leakage around the mask edge could contaminate the outer surface. Alternatively, the small aerosols of SARS-CoV-2 generated during a high-velocity cough might penetrate the masks.
In conclusion, both surgical and cotton masks seem to be ineffective in preventing the dissemination of SARS-CoV-2 from the coughs of patients with COVID-19 to the environment and external mask surface."
Criticism of the study by other researchers was brisk, ranging from questioning the handling of the masks before the experiment, which could have caused the observed contamination, to noting that only a small number of subjects were involved.
Paul W. Leu,15 an associate professor of industrial engineering, mechanical engineering and materials science at the University of Pittsburgh, noted in a letter to the editor that the premise of the research was wrong since masks are not intended to "shorten the trajectory of droplets emitted during coughing." Instead, he wrote:16
"The conclusions of this study … are not only erroneous but misleading … The function of the mask is to reduce how far aerosol droplets travel during breathing, speaking, singing, sneezing, or coughing. This is the same reason one should cover one's mouth or nose with your forearm, inside of your elbow, or tissue when sneezing."
Another critic, Ken Lim of CyberMedia Convergence Consulting, wrote that the experiment should have been "how many viral droplets appeared on another person or surface," not on the masks themselves.17 Subsequently, in June, the authors retracted this study. Acknowledging that readers had called attention to flaws in their work, they said they had offered to correct it "with new experimental data from additional patients, but the editors requested retraction."18
More Questions About Face Mask Effectiveness
Research that appeared in April 2020 on medRxiv found that:19
"The evidence is not sufficiently strong to support widespread use of facemasks as a protective measure against COVID-19. However, there is enough evidence to support the use of facemasks for short periods of time by particularly vulnerable individuals when in transient higher risk situations."
However, Ian Jones, professor of virology at the University of Reading, disagreed with these findings, according to the journal BMJ.20 "If an aerosol droplet hits the weave of the mask fabric rather than the hole it is clearly arrested ... helps to slow the epidemic," he said, stating that masks are not a "cure" but are useful in flattening the curve.
Also according to BMJ, Simon Clarke, associate professor in cellular microbiology at the University of Reading, saw another problem with widespread wearing of masks. "Mass face mask wearing by the public would likely cause shortages among people who genuinely need protective equipment — health care workers on the front line in our hospitals," he said.
According to the Mayo Clinic, even though masks are useful, the fear of a shortage of them shaped the CDC's original recommendations. The clinic wrote on its website:21
"The CDC acknowledged this concern when it recommended cloth masks for the public and not the surgical and N95 masks needed by health care providers."
There was another reason for the CDC's delay in endorsing masks when the pandemic first surfaced, wrote Mayo.22
"At that time, experts didn't yet know the extent to which people with COVID-19 could spread the virus before symptoms appeared. Nor was it known that some people have COVID-19 but don't have any symptoms. Both groups can unknowingly spread the virus to others.
These discoveries led the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to do an about-face on face masks. The CDC updated its guidance to recommend widespread use of simple cloth face coverings to help prevent transmission of the virus by people who have COVID-19 but don't know it."
Another hurdle to a full endorsement of face masks by public health groups was the concern that they could provide a false sense of security. Experts also feared the masks could lead to more touching of the face23 or contamination if the wearer puts the mask down on an unclean surface.24
When it comes to health care workers, they should not work without respiratory protection of some kind, according to the authors of a 2015 study who updated their comments in April 2020:25
"There are now numerous reports of health workers wearing home made cloth masks, or re-using disposable mask and respirators, and asking for guidance. If health workers choose to work in these circumstances, guidance should be given around the use.
There have been a number of laboratory studies looking at the effectiveness of different types of cloth materials, single versus multiple layers and about the role that filters can play. However, none have been tested in a clinical trial for efficacy. If health workers choose to work using cloth masks, we suggest that they have at least two and cycle them, so that each one can be washed and dried after daily use.
Sanitizer spray or UV disinfection boxes can be used to clean them during breaks in a single day. These are pragmatic, rather than evidence-based suggestions, given the situation.
Finally for COVID-19, wearing a mask is not enough to protect healthcare workers — use of gloves and goggles are also required as a minimum, as SARS-CoV-2 may infect not only through the respiratory route, but also through contact with contaminated surfaces and self-contamination."
Face Masks May Do Harm, Some Experts Say
The face mask controversy does not just revolve around whether they are effective or ineffective in preventing infections or whether widespread use would create shortages for health care professionals. Some medical experts say the masks can cause harm to wearers.
Virus expert Judy Mikovits of "Plandemic" fame has been very outspoken about the dangers of face masks. According to Weblyf.com, in social media posts she has written:26
"Do you not know how unhealthy it is to keep inhaling your carbon dioxide and restricting proper oxygen flow? ... The body requires AMPLE amounts of oxygen for optimal immune health. Proper oxygenation of your cells and blood is ESSENTIAL for the body to function as it needs to in order to fight off any illness. Masks will hamper oxygen intake.
Unless you are working in a hospital setting, it is NOT necessary ... [If] [y]ou want to be healthy ... Stop smoking, change your diet, stop consuming alcohol, turn off your wifi and cell phone, stop getting injected with neurotoxins, stop taking toxic medications, stop using so many chemicals ... get some sun, drink plenty of (filtered) water [and] sleep well."
Mikovits is not the only expert warning about face mask dangers. According to News-Medical.Net, Dr. Jenny Harries, England's deputy chief medical officer, has warned the public against wearing facemasks "as the virus can get trapped in the material and causes infection when the wearer breathes in."27
Nationally recognized board-certified neurosurgeon Dr. Russell Blaylock also believes face masks are capable of causing serious harm:28
"Now that we have established that there is no scientific evidence necessitating the wearing of a face mask for prevention, are there dangers to wearing a face mask, especially for long periods? Several studies have indeed found significant problems with wearing such a mask.
This can vary from headaches, to increased airway resistance, carbon dioxide accumulation, to hypoxia, all the way to serious life-threatening complications ... By wearing a mask, the exhaled viruses will not be able to escape and will concentrate in the nasal passages, enter the olfactory nerves and travel into the brain."
Face masks can also pose a danger to health care workers, wrote Blaylock,29 by causing "a reduction in blood oxygenation (hypoxia) or an elevation in blood CO2 (hypercapnia)," as well as headaches. The elderly are at risk, too, he warns:
"Unfortunately, no one is telling the frail elderly and those with lung diseases, such as COPD, emphysema or pulmonary fibrosis, of these dangers when wearing a facial mask of any kind — which can cause a severe worsening of lung function.
This also includes lung cancer patients and people having had lung surgery, especially with partial resection or even the removal of a whole lung."
Face Shields May Be More Effective Than Face Masks. The police often wear them too.
Face shields, plastic covers over the whole face that function as visors, may look extreme or "dorky" but they have some advantages over cloth masks. First, unlike cloth masks, they can be cleaned with soap and water or disinfectants and reused over and over because they are plastic and won't degrade.
Second, face shields are more comfortable to wear, especially on hot days, since they are not placed directly over your mouth and nose and allow free breathing. Finally, and most importantly, face shields protect you better than face masks because the mouth and nose are not the only inlets of infection. According to the National Post, face shields also:30
"… block the virus from entering 'portals, (mouths, noses and eyes) and 'reduce the potential for autoinoculation,' meaning implanting the virus into our own bodies after touching a contaminated surface, by preventing the wearer from touching his or her face ...
While SARS-CoV-2 is spread by breathing in tiny liquid virus-containing droplets, there is evidence it can enter the body through mucus membranes, including the mucus membranes on the surface of the eye and inner eye lids."
Face shields, when studied with influenza, protected people from inhaling 96% of flu-laden droplets produced by a cough even when the face shield wearers were only 18 inches of someone coughing, the Post said.31 Clearly, they provide some of the protections of social distancing which may explain why we are increasingly seeing them used by health care practitioners.
If You Do Wear a Face Mask Follow These Guidelines
Clearly, there is evidence both for and against wearing face masks during the pandemic. If you do decide to wear a face mask, here are useful tips from WHO for usage and disposal to make sure you use your mask safely:32
- Before putting on a mask, ideally clean your hands with soap and water.
- Cover your mouth and nose with the mask and make sure there are no gaps between your face and the mask.
- Avoid touching the mask while using it; if you do, clean your hands with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.
- Replace the mask with a new one as soon as it is damp and do not reuse single-use masks.
- To take off the mask: Remove it from behind (do not touch the front of the mask); discard it immediately in a closed bin; and clean your hands with alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water."'
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